Article | Technology terminology

Confused about acronyms and initialisations in computing and the internet?

Then check out our comprehensive guide to making things clearer.

VPN

Virtual Private Network

A VPN allows you make a secure connection to another network over the internet.

Wi-Fi

Wireless Fidelity

Wireless networking technology that allows computers to communicate over a wireless signal.

HTTP

HyperText Transfer Protocol

A method for encoding and transporting information between a client (such as a web browser) and a web server.

VoIP

Voice Over Internet Protocol

A telephone connection over the Internet, data is sent digitally, using the Internet Protocol (IP) instead of analog telephone lines.

RAM

Random Access Memory

Hardware component installed as memory modules

SaaS

Software as a Service

Software that is deployed over the Internet rather than installed on a computer.

LAN

Local Area Network

A network of connected devices that exist within a specific location.

ISP

Internet Service Provider

The company that provides you with your internet connection.

Jpeg

Joint Photographic Experts Group

Image file format, commonly used by digital cameras to store photos

PNG

Portable Network Graphics

Compressed raster graphic format. A popular choice for graphics applications.

TIFF

Tagged Image File Format

An industry standard file format designed for handling raster or bitmapped images.

GIF

Graphics Interchange Format

A lossless format for image files that supports both animated and static images.

PDF

Portable Document Format

File format for capturing and sending electronic

documents in exactly the intended format.

PSD

Photoshop Document

A layered Photoshop graphics document

WWW

World Wide Web

A collection of webpages found on a network of
computers. Your web browser uses the internet to access the web.

URL

Uniform Resource Locators

Web browser addresses of internet pages and files.

POP3

Post Office Protocol, version 3

Standard mail protocol used to receive emails from
a remote server to a local email client.

IP

Internet Protocol

An identifying number that is associated with a specific computer or computer network

CPU

Central Processing Unit

The principal part of any digital computer system.

FTP

File Transfer Protocol

A set of rules that networked computers use to talk to one another

USB

Universal Serial Bus

An external serial bus interface standard for connecting peripheral devices to a computer.

DLC

Downloadable Content

Additional content that can be downloaded within a PC or Mobile video game.

Article by Software Hub

All details are correct as of October 2020.

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